Saturday, May 2, 2015

Both...and/ neither...nor/ either.....or / not only but also

A-Rewrite the following sentences using the clues given in brackets.

1.Adam is coming to the wedding ceremony. Elene is coming to the ceremony, too. (not    only…but also)

2. We’re going to have breakfast at my house or my cousin’s house. (either….or)

3. Charles is a hard-working student. His brother is also hard-working. (both …and)

4. I don’t like washing the dishes. My sister doesn’t like washing the dishes,too.( neither…nor)

5. Helena can speak English fluently. She can also speak French fluently. (not only …but also)

6. I don’t have enough time. I will read the articles. I will submit the report. (either …or)

7. He didn’t do his homework. He didn’t tidy up his room. (neither….nor)

8. The teacher graded mid-term papers. The teacher also attended an important meeting. (both…and )

9. The weather in Jordan is both hot and dry. (not only …but also)

10. Students don’t like group work. Students also don’t like pair work. (neither…nor)

B-Complete the dialog.

Aysun: You like tired.

Fusun:  I am not ___________tired  ________________anxious.

Aysun:  Why?

Fusun: Because I have to _____________ study for the announced quiz and submit my final draft.

Aysun: Don’t worry. You have enough time.

Fusun: What about you?

Aysun: Well….I have ____________studied for the quiz and finished writing the final
Fusun: You’re  _____________responsible _______________hardworking student.

Aysun: Thank you :) 

Saturday, July 12, 2014


SOURCE: Adapted from Grammar for CAE

A-Circle the correct alternative
1)Before the bridge was built we could / must/ can only get to the island by ferry
2) Up to 100.000 people must /may/ have to  experience delays.

3) I was using my pencil a minute ago. It would/ could/must be here somewhere!

4) You don’t have to/ mustn’t/ needn’t forget your sun cream. It’s going to be very hot.

5) I might/ would/ should be able to help you, but I’m not sure yet.

6) Entrance to the museum was free. We shouldn’t/ mustn’t/ didn’t need to pay to get in.

7) May/ must/should I go to the bathroom, please?

8) I shouldn’t/ couldn’t/ mustn’t  move the table. It was too heavy.

9) You can come to the meeting if you want but you don’t have to/ mustn’t/ have to.

10) I’m so hungry I can/ must/ could eat a horse!

11) Schools  can/  have to/ might play a more active role in encouraging children to tke up sports.
12) The company  should/ can/ must  hardly be described as a success.

13) I didn’t feel very well yesterday. I cannot/ couldn’t/mustn’t eat anything

14) You could/should/would look at me when I am talking to you.

15) I can’t/  mustn’t/ shouldn’t believe Mr Wade is being so confrontational.

B-Choose the correct sentence ending.

1-When  we got   to the station we found that the train was half an hour late, so we
a-didn’t need to rush after all.
b-needn’t have rushed  after all.

2-As you realized the meeting was  quite informal, so you

a-didn’t  need to wear a suit.
b-needn’t  have wore  a suit.

3-Fortunately, he wasn’t badly hurt in the accident, so he

a-needn’t  have gone to hospital.
b-didn’t need to go to hospital.

4-The house  was in good condition when I bought it, so I

a-didn’t need to to decorate before I moved in.
b-needn’t have  decorated  before I moved in.
C-Fill in the blanks using   should (not) have / be supposed to-/didn't need to/needn’t have done/ would rather and the verbs in brackets.

1-_________ (cook) for dinner  because my sister  had already cooked .
2-I _________ (go) and see the headmaster this morning.
3-My parents ____________( be) here at 8 o’clock, but they still haven’t come.
4-He invited a lot of people to his party, and there was no room to move. He ___________ invited so many people.
5- I ___________let her know what was happening but I forgot.
6-They ___________ (sack) him. He was the most creative person on their team.
7- They _____________ (remember) that their guests don't eat pork.
8-I __________(walk) than take a bus.
9-It was a waste of money. I ___________(buy) it.
10- Lucy___________to come to lunch. What’s happened? 
11- I______________ you didn’t turn the radio on.
12- Cats______________to be afraid of dogs, but ours isn’t.
13- I _____________ (go) to the supermarket because we
had plenty of food
14-I _____________(wash) the dishes because there 

Modals exercises

SOURCE: Adapted from

A) Fill in the blanks with    can     could     have to      must       might      should

  1. Ted’s flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He ------------- be exhausted after such a long flight. He ------------- prefer to stay in tonight and get some rest.

2. If you want to get a better feeling for how the city is laid out, you -----------
walk downtown and explore the waterfront.

3. Hiking the trail to the peak ------------ be dangerous if you are not well prepared for dramatic weather changes. You ------------ research the route a little more before you attempt the ascent.

4. When you have a small child in the house, you ------------ leave small objects lying around. Such objects ------------ be swallowed, causing serious injury or even death.

5. Dave: ----------- you hold your breath for more than a minute?
Nathan: No, I can't.

6. Jenny's engagement ring is enormous! It ----------- have cost a fortune.

7. Please make sure to water my plants while I am gone. If they don't get enough water, they      ------------ die.

8. I ----------- speak Arabic fluently when I was a child and we lived in Egypt. But after we moved back to Canada, I had very little exposure to the language and forgot almost everything I knew as a child. Now, I -------------just say a few things in the language.

9. The book is optional. My professor said we ------------ read it if we needed extra credit. But we ----------- read it if we don't want to.

10. Leo: Where is the spatula? It ------------- be in this drawer but it's not here.
Nancy: I just did a load of dishes last night and they're still in the dish washer.  It -------------- be in there. That's the only other place it -------------- be.

B) Rewrite the sentences with   can, may, must or have to.

 Example: Is that all right if I borrow your pen?

                 May/Can I borrow your pen?

1)  Don't park your car on bends. It is illegal.

 You ....................................................................

2)  Perhaps she will agree with it. Who knows?

 She .....................................................................

3)  Our teacher asked us to tidy the classroom.

 We .....................................................................

4)  I need your help. It's too much work for me.

 You ....................................................................

5)  Don't worry about dinner. I'll make it.

 You ....................................................................

6)  It is not necessary to be there.

 We ..................................................................... 

7)  Why don't you stay with us? No problem!

You ....................................................................



You work for a large company based in a town centre. Most of the employees of the company drive to work. The director of the company has asked you to prepare a proposal on reducing car use by employees. Write your proposal using the modals you have learned.(Taken from Grammar for CAE)


Gerunds-Infinitives( hate/stop/try/mean....)

GERUNDS-INFINITIVES (regret/remember/stop/try/forget/mean…)
SOURCE: Adapted from

 Complete each sentence, using a gerund or an infinitive.
1-I regret------------- (be) late to the interview.
2- I remember------------------ (mention) the meeting yesterday.
3- He remembered ---------------- (turn off) the lights before he left.
4- He stopped smoking for health reasons.
5- We regret --------------------- (inform) you that your position at the company is being eliminated.
6- She can't find a job. She tried---------------------- (look) in the paper, but there was nothing. She tried ---------------------ask friends and family, but nobody knew of anything. She also tried ---------------go shop to shop, but nobody was hiring.
7- I remember -------------- (go) to the beach when I was a child.
8- He gave us a lecture on the Greek history. And then he went on to show us his photos from Greece.
9- Have we really studied this topic before? I forget------------
(read)about it.

10- She tried --------------- (catch) the bus, but she couldn’t run fast enough.
11- My boss came into the room, so I stopped--------------- (browse ) the internet

12- She was shopping and she stopped ------------------ (get) a cup of coffee.
13-She tried --------------- (climb) the tree, but she couldn't even get off the ground.
14- The company regrets----------------(inform)  employees that the London office will close

15- She regrets-------------- (leave) school when she was sixteen. She wishes that she had studied more and then gone to university.
16- I regret---------- (go) to bed so late. I’m really tired today.
17- I wanted to stop ------------- (smoke), so I tried using nicotine
18- He means-------------- (earn ) as much money as he could buy a house before he returns.
19- I regret -------------- (tell) you that the train has been delayed.
20- There was a fire alarm, so I stopped ------------ (eat) and went outside.
21- You have forgotten your homework again. That means -------------- (phone) your mother.
22- I tried---------------( run ) after the dog, but I was too slow.
23- I meant-------------- (phone) your mother, but my mobile didn't work.
24- The new Prime Minister is determined to end the anarchy and smuggling. Perhaps it will mean ----------------(get) exhausted or (get) killed by outlaws. But he seems fearless.
25-. My grandmother stopped --------------------(drive) when she was 85.
26- You have forgotten your homework again. That means ----------------(phone) your mother.
27- I regret----------------- (laugh) at the lame boy when he fell to the ground.
29- After dinner he went on ------------------- (show) us his photos.
30- I tried---------- (lift) the suitcase, but it was too heavy
31- He gave us a lecture on the Greek history. And then he went on ----------------- show us his photos from Greece.
32- We can go to Spain. But it means ------------------- (spend) more money.

Gerunds-Infinitives exercises

SOURCE: Adapted from

A.   Complete the sentences with a gerund or an infinitive.

1. My sister doesn't want to come with us because she hates ___________ (do) windsurfing.

2. The baby keeps crying. Does his father mind ___________ (take) care of him a bit.

3. Jenny has problems with her mother in law. As far as it seems, she is tired of
____________(fight) with her.

4. Two students applied for the Doctorate program and they look forward to 
____________ (have) a positive reply from the university.

5. After hearing a noise, Ken turned the lights on ______________(see) everything clearly.

6. Experts say that it is pretty dangerous______________(do) bungee jumping.

7. Even though Brian has many good friends, he sometimes enjoys _________(be) alone.

8. Harry's wife is fed up with __________ (clean) the house on her own.

9. Jerry and Loyd enjoyed ___________(play) video games.
Fill in the blanks with gerund or infinitive.

10. Belinda is looking forward to ___________(have) a reply from his friend.

11. Hey, you look tired! How about ____________ (take) a break from work for a bit?

12. The clients decided _____________(cancel) the contract.

13. Ken's lawyer advised him _____________(call) his wife as soon as possible.

14. Children enjoy ____________ (do) an activity more if they do it in a group.
15. I have studied as hard as I could, so I expect ____________ (pass) this exam.

B. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs.

Traffic Report

You will have trouble 1--------------- (commute) this afternoon, folks. Interstate 5 is blocked for two miles north and south of 80th Street, so I strongly suggest 2---------(use) an alternate route if possible. Construction on the Factoria interchange has caused slowing  on I-405, so use caution there. Repairs on the Evergreen Point Bridge  were expected  to have been completed  by 6:00 A.M. today, but the bridge is still closed. The Highway Department issued a statement apologizing for  3------------( cause) further inconvenience to motorists, but the repairs are taking longer than planned. The department  expected 4--------------( finish) repairs by 5:00 A.M. Tuesday.

C)  Complete the telephone call


S:         Good morning, ACME Enterprises.

A:        Hello, I'd like  ___________(speak) to Mr Okinawa.
S:         Who's calling?

A:        Karl Maier, from Schwenningen. I wonder if I could ___________ (see) him this week?

S:         I'm afraid Mr Okinawa is not free this week. He tried ___________  (reach) you by phone several times last week, but you were in New York.

A:        Yes, I'm sorry. I remember _____________ (ask) him to call me, but I forgot
            ________________ (tell) him I'd be away.

S:         If he want ____________ (see) you , I’ll call you back .

A:        I'll look forward to ____________ (hear) from him.

S:         Okay. Thank you for ______________(call). We'll talk again next week.

A:        Fine. Bye for now.

Thursday, November 14, 2013

An overview of yes/no questions


Hi Beg 15 students..

Here is an overview of Yes No questions in a wide variety of tenses(,
but I put here only some of them.

Present Simple
Do / Does + S + Verb? - (Do you like ice cream?)
Yes, I do.
No, I don't.
Yes, he / she / it does.
No, he / she / it doesn't.
Yes, we / you / they do.
No, we / you / they don't.

Present Continuous
Am / Is / Are + S + Verb + ing? - (Are they studying English?)
Yes, I am.
No, I'm not.
Yes, he / she / it is.
No, he / she / it isn't.
Yes, we / you / they are.
No, we / you / they aren't.

Past Simple
Did + S + Verb? - (Did she stay in New York?)
Yes, I / you / he / she / it / we / you /they did.
No, I I / you / he / she / it / we / you /they didn't.

Past Continuous
Was / Were + S + Verb + ing? - (Were they working at three in the afternoon?)
Yes, I was.
No, I wasn't.
Yes, he / she / it was.
No, he / she / it wasn't
Yes, we / you / they were.
No, we / you / they weren't.