Friday, March 29, 2013


 Duration: 40 minutes

Nationality: Turkish Cypriot  students

Age: 12-13

Level:  pre-intermediate


Target Language: Used to

Skill: Speaking ,writing  and reading.

Materials: Handouts and flashcards.

Previous knowledge: The Simple past tense

Anticipated problems:

Students might not generate answers.

The students may not understand the content of the flashcards.

Possible solutions:

Encouraging  the students by asking more questions.

The teacher introduces  and describes the  flashcards using body gestures

and facial expressions .


By the end of the lesson, students will able to;

-recognize “used to”, “didn’t use to” and its question form.

-use “used to”, “didn’t use to” and its question form in appropriate places.

-Produce their own sentences by using “used to”, “didn’t use to” and its question form.

Stage 1) Warm-up activity (5 minutes) ( T----S, S----T)

- Teacher greets the students

- Shows a picture of a fat man and talks about his old habits by using

  “used to”, “didn’t use to”.

Stage 2) Presentation (10 minutes) (Interaction: T ----S, S----T)

·        Teacher writes some sentences about the fat man (TOM) on the board and

underlines the key words.

 Stage 3) practising (20 minutes) (T----S , S----T)
·        Teacher shows other flashcards and sticks them on the board.
·        Students who work in pairs produce their own sentences by using “ used to”
·        Students come and write their sentences on the board.
·        Teacher asks students to underline the key words (Used to, didn’t use to and did  ...use to..?)
·        Then teacher distributes a hand-out
·        For this activity, students work individually.
·        They read their answers.

 CONTINGENCY PLAN  (S----S, S---T, S----S)

·        The teacher distributes another handout that includes short stories about some characters.
·        Each student writes 2 questions about the characters past habits.
·        Then they exchange questions.
·        They read each other’s texts to answer the questions.
·        Finally teacher invites some students to share their sentences.
·        Teacher collects the students’ papers to provide feedback later.


Tuesday, March 19, 2013


Very nice and engaging lesson plan about reported speech on Burcu Kaya' s Blog.

LESSON PLAN: will- going to

If you are looking for a lesson plan about "will and going to", you may look at the following link. One of my colleagues, Burcu Kaya's Blog. Hope it helps:)


Today, I  have used the following lesson plan to explain the differences between the present perfect tense and the simple past tense. I have  found it  both very effective  and easy to prepare.Later  I am going to post my reflection about  its application here..
Hope it helps :)

Class size: 20 students

Age: 12-13

Level: Pre-intermediate

Target Language:  Differences between Simple past tense and present perfect tense

Skill: Writing  and speaking.

Material: Handout, flash cards

Previous knowledge: The Simple past tense and  the Present perfect tense

 Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students will able to;

-recognize  past simple and past perfect sentences
-recognize the time expressions that go with the present perfect and simple past tenses
-distinguishing and using the present perfect tense and the simple past tense.
-find the mistakes and correct in the given sentences.

Stage 1) Warm-up activity (5 minutes) (  T----S, S----T)

·        First teacher announces that  they are going to learn something very important.
·         TheTeacher asks whether the students remember the simple past tense or not.

Stage 2) Presantation ( 15 minutes) (Interaction: T ----S, S----T)

·        Teacher writes  various sentences  in the simple past tense and present prefect tense.
·        She explains  how to form negative, postive sentences and questions in both tenses.
·        Underlines verbs and time exspressions.

Stage 3) Practising ( 20 minutes) (  T----S, S-----S, S----T)

·        Teacher shows flash cards to practice time expressions.
(Teacher shows a time expression, for instance, never  and Sts decide whether it goes with the present perfect or the simple past tense)
·        This time teacher shows some sentences written in either the present perfect or the simple past tense ( Bigger flash cardsJ).
·        Then she asks which tense is used in the sentences:
Student : “Present perfect”  
then she asks “ How do you know that?”
Student :  because of  JUST ,YET..etc.
Then the teacher asks the students change the sentence into The simple past tense.( I especially liked this part..) 
·        Teacher distributes handout  which includes three parts ( see the sample )
·        Teacher monitors the students as they are working on the task ( Pair work and pair check) 

 I have encountered a video in YOU TUBE. It is very beneficial..

Here is the handout:

A.     Fill in the gaps using simple past tense or present perfect tense.

  1. Did you go (you/go) to Los Angeles last summer?
  2. She ___________________________ (live) in Rome for three years.
  3. ___________________________ (you/ever/be) to China?
  4. I ___________________________ (play) tennis yesterday.
  5. Tim ___________________________ (break) his leg last year.
  6.  David___________________________ (watch)  the movie two days ago.
  7. They ___________________________ (move) to New York in 1990.
  8. She ___________________________ (not/play) tennis last Sunday.
  9. ___________________________ (you/meet) your friends last night?
  10. ___________________________ (she/ever/be) to Australia?
  11. We ___________________________ (not/visit) my grandfather last summer.
  12. She ___________________________ (just/tidy) her room.
  13. We ___________________________ (not/eat) yet.
  14. Bob ___________________________ (study) French two years ago.

B.      Write True or False at the end of each sentence.

  1. She has lived there last year. FALSE

  1. We have been at home last night.

  1. The bus left five minutes ago.

  1. They didn’t call yet.

  1. I have been a teacher since 1980.

  1. Has Peter been at home yesterday ?

C.      Rewrite the wrong sentences:

  1. The Prime Minister has visited our town in 2010.
The Prime Minister visited our town in 2010.

  1. Has Pam cleaned the house yesterday?

  1. I haven’t seen my friend last night.

  1. My sister has born in 2000