Tuesday, March 19, 2013

LESSON PLAN-THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PRESENT PERFECT AND THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE




Today, I  have used the following lesson plan to explain the differences between the present perfect tense and the simple past tense. I have  found it  both very effective  and easy to prepare.Later  I am going to post my reflection about  its application here..
Hope it helps :)

Class size: 20 students

Age: 12-13

Level: Pre-intermediate

Target Language:  Differences between Simple past tense and present perfect tense

Skill: Writing  and speaking.

Material: Handout, flash cards

Previous knowledge: The Simple past tense and  the Present perfect tense

 Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students will able to;

-recognize  past simple and past perfect sentences
-recognize the time expressions that go with the present perfect and simple past tenses
-distinguishing and using the present perfect tense and the simple past tense.
-find the mistakes and correct in the given sentences.

Stage 1) Warm-up activity (5 minutes) (  T----S, S----T)

·        First teacher announces that  they are going to learn something very important.
·         TheTeacher asks whether the students remember the simple past tense or not.


Stage 2) Presantation ( 15 minutes) (Interaction: T ----S, S----T)


·        Teacher writes  various sentences  in the simple past tense and present prefect tense.
·        She explains  how to form negative, postive sentences and questions in both tenses.
·        Underlines verbs and time exspressions.

Stage 3) Practising ( 20 minutes) (  T----S, S-----S, S----T)

·        Teacher shows flash cards to practice time expressions.
(Teacher shows a time expression, for instance, never  and Sts decide whether it goes with the present perfect or the simple past tense)
·        This time teacher shows some sentences written in either the present perfect or the simple past tense ( Bigger flash cardsJ).
·        Then she asks which tense is used in the sentences:
Student : “Present perfect”  
then she asks “ How do you know that?”
Student :  because of  JUST ,YET..etc.
Then the teacher asks the students change the sentence into The simple past tense.( I especially liked this part..) 
·        Teacher distributes handout  which includes three parts ( see the sample )
·        Teacher monitors the students as they are working on the task ( Pair work and pair check) 

 I have encountered a video in YOU TUBE. It is very beneficial..http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vN7pP-5M2nU&feature=youtu.be

Here is the handout:





A.     Fill in the gaps using simple past tense or present perfect tense.

  1. Did you go (you/go) to Los Angeles last summer?
  2. She ___________________________ (live) in Rome for three years.
  3. ___________________________ (you/ever/be) to China?
  4. I ___________________________ (play) tennis yesterday.
  5. Tim ___________________________ (break) his leg last year.
  6.  David___________________________ (watch)  the movie two days ago.
  7. They ___________________________ (move) to New York in 1990.
  8. She ___________________________ (not/play) tennis last Sunday.
  9. ___________________________ (you/meet) your friends last night?
  10. ___________________________ (she/ever/be) to Australia?
  11. We ___________________________ (not/visit) my grandfather last summer.
  12. She ___________________________ (just/tidy) her room.
  13. We ___________________________ (not/eat) yet.
  14. Bob ___________________________ (study) French two years ago.



B.      Write True or False at the end of each sentence.

  1. She has lived there last year. FALSE

  1. We have been at home last night.

  1. The bus left five minutes ago.

  1. They didn’t call yet.

  1. I have been a teacher since 1980.

  1. Has Peter been at home yesterday ?





C.      Rewrite the wrong sentences:

  1. The Prime Minister has visited our town in 2010.
The Prime Minister visited our town in 2010.

  1. Has Pam cleaned the house yesterday?

  1. I haven’t seen my friend last night.

  1. My sister has born in 2000 


FLASH CARDS
















3 comments:

  1. This is a very useful and feasible lesson plan. Thank you so much for your sharing.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Be careful with the signal words for past simple. Some of those can be used for present perfect. "I have lived in Miami since 2007." "I have worked on this since last week."

    ReplyDelete