Saturday, April 20, 2013


Lesson Plan

Duration: 40 minutes

Nationality: Turkish Cypriot students

Age: 12-13

Level: False pre-intermediate



Target Language: Reported commands

Skill: Speaking and writing

Materials: Handouts and flashcards or cartoon characters

Previous knowledge:  

Anticipated problems:
Some students can be noisy
The students may not understand the process of changing pronouns.
Possible solutions:
Teacher sets the classrooms rules at the very beginning of the lesson.
Teacher emphasizes more and she may explicitly explain the necessity of changing pronouns in a reported speech( command) .

By the end of the lesson, students will able to;
-recognize reported commands 
-Transform direct commands into indirect commands by doing necessary adjustments such as  changing pronouns and using “told” etc..

Stage 1) Warm-up activity (5 minutes) (T----S, S----T)

-Teacher greets the students.
-says “sit down”, “raise your hands”, “stand up”, “Shake your hands”, raise your pens”....
- exposing the students to the meaning of command she prepares them the presentation stage “Reporting commands”
- She says “let’s listen to mom and her son...Mom is angry and they are talking
-Shows big pictures of a lady and her little son.
-Sticks them on the board.

Stage 2) Presentation (15 minutes) (Interaction: T ----S, S----T)

·        Teacher says that the mom and her son are talking and she can hear them but students cannot.
·        She says that she will report what the mom and her son talking about.
·        She pretends to be eavesdropped and reports what she hears. For example, she told him not to talk too much!, ..She told him to wash his hands..She told him to prepare the dinner table..She told him not to shake his head..(8 commands, 4 positive, 4 negative)
·        She sticks direct commands of mom
·        She writes reported commands under the direct commands.
·        Underlines key points.
·        Explain the process of reporting commands.

 Stage 3) practising (20minutes) (T----S, , S----T)
Teacher distributes a hand-out.( look at the sample)

·        For this activity, students work individually.
·        Teacher monitors students while they are working on the task.
·        Students read their answers.

·        She approaches one of her students and whispers something to his/her ear a command. “ Open your book” then she says “ tell your friends what I told you”
·        Student reports what she told her to the class.
·        Teacher repeats the same process 4- 5 times and each student reports what she told her/him
·        The students are asked to come and write their sentences on the board.

 The handout I used for practicing part.


Change the following commands into reported commands. The first one is an example!

1.       Andrew: "Clean the blue bike!"

Andrew told me to clean the blue bike.

2.     Jessica: “Don’t write any text message!"

 Jessica told me ________________________________

3.     Nelly: " Don’t open the window”

Nelly told her son _______________________________

4.    Teacher: “Don’t smoke!"

The teacher told students __________________________

5.      Doris: "Dance with me!"

Doris told me____________________________________

6.    Victoria: "Check your e-mails!"

Victoria told her sister____________________________


Monday, April 15, 2013

PASSIVE VOICE LESSON PLAN ( in the simple past tense)

Lesson Plan

Duration: 40 minutes
Nationality: Turkish Cypriot students
Age: 12-13
Level: Elementary
Target Language: Passive voice in the simple past tense
Skill: Writing and speaking.
Materials: Handouts, cards
Previous knowledge:Passive voice in the Simple Present Tense
Anticipated problems:
  •  Some students can be noisy.
  •  Difficulty in sticking the cards on the board.
  •  Teacher may not be able to do stage 4
Possible solutions:
  •  Engaging the students in the lesson.
  • Setting some classroom rules at the beginning of the lesson.
  •  Keeping the glue and a spare activity ( at the worst) handy.

By the end of the lesson, students will able to;

-recognize the passive voice in the simple past tense .
-convert the simple past active sentences to the passive .
-find the mistakes and correct the given sentences.
-put the scrambled passive sentences in order
-write their own sentences by both conjugating and using provided verbs.

Stage 1) Warm-up activity (5 minutes) ( T----S, S----T)

 Teacher reminds students how to form the simple past passive sentences. To do so:
 First she asks “ Do you remember Passive voice ( sentences) / active( sentences) voice that you learned last week?”
 Teacher writes a sentence on the board:
“ We write e-mails”
 Teacher, on purpose, converts the sentence in a wrong way.
 Teacher says “this is the passive form of the sentence”
 Students, most probably, will correct her.
 Teacher does the same process for more two sentences.
Jane cleans her room everyday ”, “ She takes photos”
Teacher elicits the rule S+is/are+verb3 and writes it next to the sentences.

Stage 2) Presentation ( 10 minutes) ( T ----S, S----T)

 Teacher writes 3 active sentences in the simple past tense.
“ Leyla washed the dishes.”
“Ali called the police.”
“ Egyptians built the pyramids”
 Students will be asked to look carefully and figure out how to convert them to simple past passive voice.
 Teacher tries to elicit the passive sentences. If students don’t know , she will write the answers on the board.
 Teacher asks students to figure out the rule for the simple past passive voice comparing the rule of the Simple present passive voice.
 Finally she writes the S+was/were+verb3 +O on the board below the first rule.
 Teacher writes 5 more simple past sentences such as:
Linda  watered the flowers” ......
 Then she converts the sentences to the simple past passive sentences.

Stage 3) Practicing ( 15 minutes) ( T----S, S----S, S----T)

 Teacher distributes a handout which includes three kinds of exercises on passive voice in the simple past tense:
-4 sentences to be converted to the passive voice
-4 sentences to be corrected
-4 verbs to be conjugated and used in the passive voice .
 Teacher monitors the students to see if they need any help.
 Teacher invites students to write their answer on the board.( names will be selected by drawing lots)

Stage 4) Post-activity ( 5-8 minutes)

 This part will be like game. Students will be divided into 2 groups as A and B.
 Teacher sticks the cards on which the parts of the sentences are written in a scrambled way. ( there are only six sentences+ some distractors to make the task more challenging )
 Teacher asks groups to assign a person to come and put the words in order.The student/ group who makes more and accurate sentences will be the winner and gets the prize.

Part A: Change the following sentences to passive voice.The first
is an example!
1-Ali finished the work.
The work was finished by Ali.
2-Ayse sold the bicycle.
3-My father wrote these books.
4-The small boy kicked the dog.

PART B: CORRECT the mistakes in each sentence. Be careful some of these sentences might be correct!

1-The cards was signed by Jane.
2-A new car was designed by Nart.
3-Ten paintings was sold by Lashin.
4-The house were cleaned by my sister.

PART C: Write your own SIMPLE PAST PASSIVE sentences using these verbs. Be careful about IRREGULAR verbs! The first is an example!

1-Bring: The cake was brought by my best friend.

The following activities can also be used..( Passive voice with other tenses)


A-Change the following sentences into the passive sentences.

1-The boy writes poems.


2-They have collected enough money.


3-The guard watched the prisoner.


4-The little boy is drawing pictures.


B-Write passive sentences by using provided verbs.
1- break (Simple Past)

2- close (Simple Past)

3- repair (Present Continuous)

4- clean (Present Perfect)

5- draw (Simple Present )


MAKE AS MANY SENTENCES AS YOU CAN! ( For this activity  students work in pairs.It can be organized as a game. Students who create more passive sentences  sentences will be the winner:))

my father
my sister