Saturday, October 5, 2013

The Present Perfect Tense FOR ELEMENTARY LEVEL


 -Teacher  greets students

- She reminds the students what they learned  in the previous lesson.

 (In the previous lesson we learned  the Simple Past Tense.Do you remember it?)

-Teacher divides the board into two parts and writes five sentences in the past simple tense. She underlines the important key parts;the verb and the past time expression.


- Teacher introduces the new topic: The present perfect tense (PPT).

( Today we’re going to learn something new, interesting but a bit challenging, but don’t feel bad if you find it uneasy  to understand. This quite normal)

-Teacher says  and then writes five sentences.

-Involving the students, teacher concludes that all these sentences describe experiences that happened in the past.


Teacher  leads the students to conclude that the main differences between the two groups of sentences are:

1-the existence of have/has+V3
2-The simple past tense has a past time expressions  when the action took place explicitly or implicitly stated.
Thus the teacher states and writes on the board PPT can be used to describe experiences that took place in the past when the past time expressions are not mentioned, because we dont know it; we don’t care about it, that is, our focus is  the event not the time when the event  took place.

Teacher says  and writes five more sentences with present perfect tense describing events that have been completed recently or at the present.

He leads the students to agree that these event are indeed so.
He notes that some words taking place in the sentences such as Just, today,  give the indication that these events have been indeed just completed. 

The teacher  elicits  and writes down the following on the board:
A-Present Perfect tense can be used to tell something in the past when we either
1-       do not know when it has happened

İt is not important when
1-      it has happened.

B-Present Perfect tense can be used to tell something in the past  that has just happened.
C-The form of the present perfect tense is :
S+Have(I,we,they)/has (he, she , it)+ V3


Teacher proceeds to the practice:

Teacher distributes practice sheet ( appendix 1) to familiarize the students with the use of have/has + V3

Students are given 5 minutes to complete the hand out working independently.
Teacher discusses  the practice sentences on the board with the
participation of the students.

Teacher distrubutes another hand out where the students are asked to use either present past tense or simple past tense.( Appendix2)
Students are required to work in pairs ( one student does only PPT while the other  does  only SPT sentences .Students in each pair check each other’s work.Later, teacher call students to do exercises on the board.)
Free practice: teacher asks students to write 5 sets of two sentences  of  their own; one i n SPT and the other  in PPT  using the same verb in both sentences.


Teacher summarize  the lesson:

In this lesson,  we have 
seen PPT and learned Its form and some of its usages. We have also learned when to use PPT and when to use SPT .

1 comment:

  1. This is the most terrifying tense for the students because in Turkish , we don't have this tense and students have difficult times in understanding it. However, you told very clearly. Nice job, thanks for sharing ! ( can you upload the appendixes if you don't mind ?)